Esau, Abraham’s grandson had three wives – Judith, Bashemath and Mahalath, Genesis , 28:9.Jacob, the father of the twelve tribes of Israel had Rachel and Leah, who were sisters and their servants Bilhah and Zilpah, Genesis 29, 30. Gideon whose name is now associated with the Bibles that are prominently distributed through hotel chains today, had 70 sons, “for he had many wives” – Judges .In fact, the Bible is filled with examples of polygamy and there is nothing said about it.Examples The first polygamist mentioned is Lamech in Genesis .It should be a little disconcerting for avid Bible readers reconciling the polygamy, that was openly practiced by many of the Biblical patriarchs, with the popular teaching of Christianity today that marriage means monogamy.
In the United States alone (a monogamous country) 60% of men and 40% of women have extramarital affairs.
In some societies many males die off by disease, murder and warfare.
In many societies large proportions of males leave smaller towns to move into larger cities leaving behind a substantial excess of women.
King David, one of God’s favorites, had many wives—Michal (Samuel ), Ahinoam, Abigail, Maacah, Haggith, and Eglah (2Samuel3) Of course there was Bathsheba in 2Samuel .
David was condemned for this wife because he had committed adultery with Bathsheba.
Although he ended up killing someone for wounding him his bigamy is not mentioned.