Further, 81.7% of the victims were women, and 90.8% of the offenders were men.
Cases of sexual abuse are considered in many states to qualify as “sexual assault” under the law; sexual assault is often arbitrated through rape or sexual battery statutes.
According to research 15,000 to 19,000 people with intellectual disabilities are raped each year in the United States.
Sullivan and Knutson found, in 2000, that children with intellectual disabilities were at slightly greater risk of sexual abuse than disabled children in general, who in turn were at 3.14 times greater risk of experiencing sexual abuse than non-disabled children.
Of the men, 80% decided to talk about their experience of abuse.
Half of them (50%) told their father or mother, 25% talked to an educator and 25% discussed the matter with a close relative.
Dick Sobsey, Associate Director of the JP Das Developmental Disabilities Centre and Director of the John Dossetor Health Ethics Centre, found that 80% out of 162 people with developmental and substantial disabilities who had been sexually assaulted had been sexually assaulted more than once.
Medical models of disability emphasise risks connected with the person's disability, while social models of disability focus on risks caused by the socially-created environment of the intellectually disabled person.
People with intellectual disabilities can be both the victims and perpetrators of sexual violence (often termed sexual abuse), including child sexual abuse.
Prevalence rates of sexual violence against people with intellectual disabilities are high when compared with the experience of the general population.
The Sexual Offences Act 2003 defines sexual offences in general, including those perpetrated against or by adults or children.
The Act includes specific crimes against adults with intellectual disabilities or mental health conditions: Daniel D.
Among the women who were abused, only 52.9% trusted someone enough to tell them about what had happened.