Under this centralization, the identities of the original companies became blurred into one faceless mass, and the lack of surviving records only adds to the confusion.
That is why some Jolana guitars are marked "Krnov" and others "Horovice", for example, and that is why it is so difficult to reconstruct the history timeline today. the Grazioso (original ad from Melody Maker magazine c. We do know exactly how the first Czech electric guitar came about.
Technically, there was no such thing as the Jolana or Resonet guitar companies.
The names were only labels used on certain guitars by one big mother company, regardless of where they were actually built.
In the first two installments, I had focused on Russia almost exclusively, though I did mention Jolana guitars briefly.
This tradition is alive in the Czech Republic today as well.
The Amistar guitar company has been producing fine resophonic guitars in Prague since 1992.
The last independent firms were forcibly nationalized by the early 1950's.
Once the collectivization was complete, centralized control was forced on everything and any private venture was strictly forbidden.
As it says on a 1957 warranty card, "Resonet: the mark of the first Czechoslovak electrophonic instruments".