Women with disabilities in the text of the Convention Excerpts from the Convention: Preamble (p) about the difficult conditions faced by persons with disabilities who are subject to multiple or aggravated forms of discrimination on the basis of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic, indigenous or social origin, property, birth, age or other status, (q) the need to incorporate a gender perspective in all efforts to promote the full enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms by persons with disabilities, Article 3 - General Principles The principles of the present Convention shall be: (g) Equality between men and women; Article 6 – Women with disabilities 1.
States Parties recognize that women and girls with disabilities are subject to multiple discriminations, and in this regard shall take measures to ensure the full and equal enjoyment by them of all their human rights and fundamental freedoms. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure the full development, advancement and empowerment of women, for the purpose of guaranteeing them the exercise and enjoyment of the human rights and fundamental freedoms set out in the present Convention.
The challenges: multiple discriminations and societal barriers "…
women face barriers to full equality and advancement because of such factor as their race, age, language, ethnicity, culture, religion or disability" (Beijing Platform for Action, Chapter IV, Strategic objectives and actions, paragraph 46).
They add to the disadvantage customarily experienced by disabled persons belonging to such populations or social groups as women, children, the elderly and refugees" (Secretary-General of the United Nations in his report on the Implementation of the World Programme of Action concerning Disabled, A/49/435, Annex, paragraph 4).
"The consequences of deficiencies and disablement are particularly serious for women.
About 650 million people in the world—or 10 per cent of the world’s population— live with disabilities, and frequently encounter a myriad of physical and social obstacles.
When women with disabilities work, they often experience unequal hiring and promotion standards, unequal access to training and retraining, unequal access to credit and other productive resources, unequal pay for equal work and occupational segregation, and they rarely participate in economic decision-making" (Arthur O’Reilly. Health "Every minute, more than 30 women are seriously injured or disabled during labor…"People with disabilities often encounter attitudinal and environmental barriers that prevent their full, equal and active participation in society.These barriers impinge particularly on the well-being of persons with intellectual, mental or multiple disabilities.The few attempts made have been based on a mistaken approach, since they treat the acute problem of disability as part of the general topic of discrimination against women.However, sex and disability are two separate factors which, when combined in the same person, usually reinforce each other and compound prejudices" (Leandro Despouy, Special Rapporteur of the Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities, 1988, "Human Rights and Disabled Persons", Human Rights Studies Series, Number 6. "Women with disabilities may be particularly at risk due to stigmas associated with both disability and gender, and are more likely to suffer from discrimination than able-bodied women or men with disabilities" (Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, Paul Hunt, submitted in accordance with Commission resolution 2002/31, E/CN.4/2003/58, paragraph 67).Other references to women and gender issues are found in the following articles: Article 8 – Awareness-raising (paragraph b) Article 16 – Freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse (paragraphs 1,2,4,5) Article 25 – Health (chapeau and paragraph a) Article 28 - Adequate standard of living and social protection (paragraph 2b) Article 34 – Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (paragraph 4) Background information on the article on women with disabilities Proposed revisions and amendments to the text of the Convention, Eighth session, 14 - 25 August 2006: Background Documents: Third to Seventh Session Background document: Towards a Gender Sensitive Disability Rights Convention.