These small glands, known as trichomes, can be viewed as miniature factories, that churn out the resin that contains all of the these beneficial molecules.
They are what gives many buds a shiny and crystal-like appearance.
Terpenoids are quite potent and affect animal and even human behaviour when inhaled from ambient air at serum levels in the single digits.” Russo points out, that the therapeutic potential of terpenes are vast, and that they have the ability to synergize with cannabinoids to create powerful medical effects, saying: “They display unique therapeutic effects, that may contribute meaningfully to the entourage effects of cannabis-based medicinal extracts.
Particular focus will be placed on phytocannabinoid-terpenoid interactions, that could produce synergy with respect to treatment of pain, inflammation, depression, anxiety, addiction, epilepsy, cancer, fungal and bacterial infections (including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus).” Perhaps some of the most staggering research involving α-pinene is found published in the journal Biologia.
Terpenes are proving to be a whole new side to the cannabis plant.
Pinene is showing to have the ability to alter the high of a strain and is therefore looked out for by smokers.
As well as providing various cannabis strains with delightful flavours and taste sensations, pinene is also a player in the medicinal field and has been identified as a potent anti-inflammatory.
But are cannabinoids the only group of substances, that deserves any recognition in this amazing and multifaceted herb? Cannabinoids are proving to be powerful substances with many different available applications, yet another family found within the plant, and elsewhere in nature, are known as terpenes.
One of the most researched terpenes to date is known as pinene.
For starters, α-pinene has been found to be an effective bronchodilator.
This means the terpene helps to open airways in the respiratory system.
α-pinene is responsible for the distinct scents in pine needles and the herb rosemary, whereas β-pinene is the molecule responsible for the unmistakable smells of basil and dill.