In a stratified society, inequality is part of the social structure and passes from one generation to the next.
of the socioeconomic hierarchy are known as a social class (Bassis, 196). There is no social mobility from one caste to another. The lack of conflict can be explained, in part, because of the powerful position on the upper caste and, in part, by an ideology that justifies caste position. Caste membership determines your occupation, social interaction, power, and education.
Robertson (192) contends that "this, in Marx's view, is the essence of exploitation, and the main source of conflict between the classes throughout history." Marx would argue that in an ideal economy, the workers would keep the surplus they have created as they transform raw material into finished products.
The existence of the middle class is problematic for Marx.
The basic resources needed for the maintenance of society are allocated in much the same way that the functionalists argue. He contends that all societies do this to one degree or another. The percentage of people doing farm work on the other hand declined from 37.6 in 1900 to 2.8 percent in 1979.
f 100 working-class people move upward on the class ladder and, at the same time, 100 middle class people experience downward mobility, sociologists would consider this to be an example of exchange mobility (Henslin, 209). Children must, therefore, take jobs in sectors of the economy other than that which their parents worked in (From Charon, 196).
When one explores the actual numbers of poor people, one finds that the race of the majority of poor people is white.In the Indian caste system upper caste individuals avoid even the shadow of an untouchable.The shadow of an untouchable's house is polluting to members of the upper castes.. Class membership depends, at least in part, on characteristics which the individual can control.It also refers to access to social institutions such as health care, education, the government, and the law (to mention a few).Social class affects one's that are not available to other members of society; people in the bottom strata endure penalties that other members of society escape.Whites have a lower proportion of people in poverty than other racial groups, but because there are so many more whites in U. society, their lower poverty rate still translates into larger numbers of poor people.